Volume 6, Issue 1 ( 2020. Vol. 6, N. 1 (11) 2020)                   fpcej 2020, 6(1): 1-1 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Babapour J, Hekmati I, Afshari A. The role of mindfulness and emotion regulation strategies in marital adjustment. fpcej. 2020; 6 (1) :1-1
URL: http://fpcej.ir/article-1-271-en.html
1- Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran. , babpourj@yahoo.com
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Maragheh University, Maragheh, Iran.
3- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Maragheh University, Maragheh, Iran.
Abstract:   (765 Views)
Emotions and coping with them play an important role in intimate relationships and are central to the development and maintenance of these relationships. The purpose of the current investigation was to study the role of emotion regulation strategies and mindfulness in the marital adjustment of married students. To this aim 250 married students among Tabriz University students were selected randomly and then the answered to questionnaires; 216 of total participants (165 women, age Mean 26.38±6.02; 51 men, age Mean 31.45±4.09) returned completed questionnaires. The instruments included the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003), Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS; Brown & Ryan, 2003), and Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS; Spiner, 1976). The result showed suppression strategy is negatively correlated with four subscales (marital satisfaction, cohesion, consensus, affection) and total score of dyadic adjustment (p<0.01), but reappraisal strategy is just positively correlated with cohesion subscale (p<0.01). Moreover, mindfulness was correlated positively with all subscales and the total score of DAS (p<0.01). Regression analysis showed that suppression and mindfulness significantly predicted marital satisfaction (respectively β=-0.20 and β=0.32, p<0.01), cohesion (respectively β=-0.16 and β=0.24, p<0.01), consensus (respectively β=-0.20 and β=0.24, p<0.01), Affection (respectively β=-0.30 and β=0.34, p<0.01), and total score of DAS (respectively β=-0.24 and β=0.33, p<0.01). Findings suggest that the suppression strategy of emotion regulation leads to a decrease in marital adjustment, but mindfulness leads to improvement of marital adjustment.
Full-Text [PDF 1618 kb]   (422 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

1. Abbott, B.V. (2005). Emotion regulation and re-regulation: predictors of relationship intimacy and distress. A dissertation was submitted to the office of graduate studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology.
2. Abdi, S., Ghabeli, F., Abbasiasl, Z., & Shakernagad, S. (2015). Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS): Reliability and Validity of Persian Version. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 4(5S): 43-47.
3. Baer, R.A., Smith, G.T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13, 27–45.
4. Barnes, S., Brown, K. W., Krusemark, E., Campbell, W. K., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). The role of mindfulness in romantic relationship satisfaction and responses to relationship stress. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(4), 482–500.
5. Bouthillier, D., Julien, D., Dube, M., B´elanger, I., & Hamelin, M. (2002). Predictive Validity of Adult Attachment Measures in Relation to Emotion Regulation Behaviors in Marital Interactions. Journal of Adult Development, 9(4), 291-305.
6. Butler, E. A., Egloff, B., Wilhelm, F. H., Smith, N. C., Erickson, E. A., & Gross, J. J. (2003). The social consequences of expressive suppression. Emotion, 3, 48—67.
7. Ciarrochi, J., Caputi, P., & Mayer, J. (2003). The distinctiveness and utility of a measure of trait emotional awareness. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1477- 1490.
8. Croyle, K., Waltz, J. (2002). Emotional awareness and couples’ relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28 (4), 435-444.
9. Eifert, G. H., & Forsyth, J. P. (2005). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for anxiety disorders: A practitioner's treatment guide to using mindfulness, acceptance, and values-based behavior change strategies. New Harbinger: Oakland, CA.
10. Erisman, S., & Roemer, L. (2010). A preliminary investigation of the effects of experimentally induced mindfulness on emotion responding to film clips. Emotion, 10 (1), 72-82.
11. Fardis, M. (2007). Expression and regulation of emotions in a romantic relationship. A dissertation submitted to The University of Montana in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology.
12. Follette, V., Palm, K. M., & Pearson, A. N. (2006). Mindfulness and trauma: implications for treatment. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 24, 45–61.
13. Fruzzetti, A. E., & Iverson, K. M. (2006). Integrating with couples and families to treat emotion dysregulation and psychopathology. In Snyder, D. K., Hughes, J., & Simpson, J. A. (Eds.), Emotion regulation in couples and families: the pathway to dysfunction and health. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
14. Gambrel, L.E., Keeling, M.L. (2010). Relational Aspects of Mindfulness: Implications for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy. Contemporary Family Therapy, 32 (4), 412-426.
15. Ghorbani, N., Watson, P. J., & Weathington, B. L. (2009). Mindfulness in Iran and the United States: Cross-Cultural Structural Complexity and Parallel Relationships with Psychological Adjustment. Current Psychology, 28(5), 211–224.
16. Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54.
17. Greenberg, L., Warwar, S., Malcolm, W. (2010). Emotion-focused couples therapy and the facilitation of forgiveness. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 36 (1), 28–42.
18. Gross, J. J. (1999). Emotion regulation: Past, present, future. Cognition & Emotion, 13, 551-573.
19. Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2002). Wise emotion regulation. In L. Feldman Barrett & P. Salovey (Eds.), The wisdom of feelings: Psychological processes in emotional intelligence. New York: Guilford Press.
20. Hayes, A. M., & Feldman, G. (2004). Clarifying the construct of mindfulness in the context of emotion regulation and the process of change in therapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 255-262.
21. Hayes, S.C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K.G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy: An experiential approach to behavior change. New York: Guilford Press.
22. Herrington, R.L. (2008). Testing emotion dysregulation as a moderator in an interpersonal process model of intimacy in couples. Dissertation submitted to the office of graduate studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
23. Hill, C.L., Updegraff, J.A. (2012). Mindfulness and its relationship to emotional regulation. Emotion, 12 (1), 81-90.
24. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144–156.
25. Linehan, M., Bohus, M., Lynch, T. (2007). Dialectical behavior therapy for pervasive emotion dysregulation. In J.J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford Press.
26. Masumi, L., Seidman, G., & Shrout, P.E. (2017). Models of interdependent individuals versus dyadic processes in relationship research. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 35 (1): 59-88.
27. Mennin, D. S., Heimberg, R. G., Turk, C. L., & Fresco, D. M. (2002). Applying an emotion regulation framework to integrative approaches to generalized anxiety disorder. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 85–90.
28. Pakenham, K. I., & Samios, C. (2013). Couple Coping with Multiple Sclerosis: A dyadic perspective on the role of mindfulness and acceptance. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 36, 389-400.
29. Peterson, B.D., Eifert, G.H., Feingold, T., Davidson, S. (2009). Using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to Treat Distressed Couples: A case study with two couples. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 16, 430–442.
30. Pruitt, I. T., & McCollum, E. E. (2010). Voices of experienced mediators: The impact of meditation practice on intimate relationships. Contemporary Family Therapy: An International Journal, 32(2), 135–154.
31. Roemer, L., Lee, J. K., Salters-Pedneault, K., Erisman, S. M., Orsillo, S. M., & Mennin, D. S. (2009). Mindfulness and emotion regulation difficulties in generalized anxiety disorder: Preliminary evidence for independent and overlapping contributions. Behavior Therapy, 40, 142–154.
32. Ryan, K., D., Gottman, J., M., Murray, J., D., Carrère, S., & Swanson, C. (2000). Theoretical and mathematical modeling of marriage. In Lewis, M., D., & Granic, I. (Eds.), Emotion, Development, and Self-Organization. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
33. Shapiro, S.L., Carlson, L.E., Astin, J.A., Freedman, B. (2006). Mechanisms of mindfulness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62 (3), 373-86.
34. Simpson, J. A., & Hughes, J. N., Snyder, D. K. (2006). Cross-disciplinary approaches to emotion regulation. In Snyder, D. K., Hughes, J., & Simpson, J. A. (Eds.), Emotion regulation in couples and families: the pathway to dysfunction and health. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
35. Snyder, K. D., Simpson, J. A., & Hughes, J. N. (2002). Emotion regulation in couples and families. American Psychological Association, Washington, Dc.
36. Vujanovic, A.A., Bonn-Miller, M.O., Bernstein, A., McKee, L.G., and Zvolensky, M.J. (2010). Incremental Validity of Mindfulness Skills in Relation to Emotional Dysregulation among a Young Adult Community Sample. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 39(3), 203–213.
37. Wachs, K., & Cordova, J. V. (2007). Mindful relating: Exploring mindfulness and emotion repertoires in intimate relationships. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33(4), 464–481.
38. Walsh, J. J., Balint, M. G., Smolira Sj, D. R., Fredericksen, L. K., & Madsen, S. (2009). Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: The role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety, and attentional control. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 94–99.
39. Whisman, M. A., Uebelacker, L. A., & Weinstock, L. M. (2004). Psychopathology and marital satisfaction: The importance of evaluating both partners. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 830-838.
40. Wupperman, P., Neumann, C. S., & Axelrod, S. R. (2008). Do deficits in mindfulness underlie borderline personality features and core difficulties? Journal of Personality Disorders, 22, 466–482.
42. Hassan-Shahi, M., Nouri, A., Molavi, H. (2003). Relationship between locus of control and marital adjustment of spouses of teachers. Psychological Research, 7 (13), 51-61.
43. Heydaraei, A., Eghbal, F. (2010). Relation of difficulty in emotion regulation, attachment style, and intimacy with marital adjustment among couples of Folladhshar industry of Ahvaz. New findings in Psychology, 5 (15), 115-134.
44. Khakpoor, I., Nazari, A., Zahrakar, L. (2015). The Prediction of marital adjustment based on triangulation and structure of power in a family. Journal of Thought & Behavior in Clinical Psychology, 9 (33), 37-46.
45. Sanaei, B., Alaghband, S., & Hooman, A. (2000). Family and Marriage Assessment Measures. Tehran: Beesat Publication.
46. Tashak, A. (2012). A self-regulation model of adjustment with pain in patients with cancer: the role of extroversion, neuroticism, emotion regulation, and coping strategies. Dissertation submitted to the University of Tehran in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Health Psychology.

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Family Pathology, Counseling and Enrichment Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb