Volume 3, Issue 1 (Vol. 3, No. 1 (5), Spring and summer 2017)                   FPCEJ 2017, 3(1): 57-74 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

kazemi rezai V, KarbalaeiEsmaeil E, Perzadeh H, Afrookhte G, Rezai R. Comparison of the resilience and religiosity in employed women and homemakers. FPCEJ. 2017; 3 (1) :57-74
URL: http://fpcej.ir/article-1-139-en.html
1- Ph.D student of psychology, islamic azad university of kermanshah,Kermanshah, Iran
2- M.A Student of consultation and guidance, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran , Ensiesmaeili@yahoo.com
3- M.A of Family consultation, kharazmi University
4- Bacholar of consultation and guidance, farhangian University of ilam
Abstract:   (1544 Views)

One of the developments of social life in the new age is the changes in the lives of women. The employment of women however, among these developments, has a special role and role due to its concrete effects on the social and individual scene. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare religious and family resilience among employment and unemployed women in Karaj city. This study was a causal-comparative design. The target population consisted of all female elementary school teachers and homemakers that living in Karaj city in 1395. Multi-stage cluster sampling method was used. Data were collected with Connor- Davidson Resilience Scale (2003) and Glock- Stark religiosity questionnaire (1965). T-test was used to data analyze. Two independent T test results showed that there are significant differences in teachers and unemployed women on religion and family resiliency; this means that teacher's women are higher than unemployed women in religious(P<0/01, T= 3/09) and family resilience(P<0/05, T= 1/98). It can conclude that religiosity and resilience help people to cope with their problems and to maintain their mental health and thus feel less stress in their lives and relationships.

Full-Text [PDF 1011 kb]   (497 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
ePublished: 2017/08/16

1. Abu- Ras, W. Hosein, S. (2015). Understanding resiliency through vulnerability: Cultural meaning and religious practice among Muslim military personnel, Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 7(3), 179.
3. Bekhet, A. K., Johnson, N. L., & Zauszniewski, J. A. (2012). Resilience in family members of persons with autism spectrum disorder: A review of the literature. Issues in mental health nursing, 33(10), 650-656.
5. Campbell-sills, L. Cohan, S. & Stein, M. (2006). Relationship of resilience to personality, coping & psychiatric symptoms in young adults, Behavior research & therapy, 44: 585-599.
7. Chiang, L. C., Chen, W. C., Dai, Y. T., & Ho, Y. L. (2012). The effectiveness of telehealth care on caregiver burden, mastery of stress, and family function among family caregivers of heart failure patients: a quasi-experimental study, International journal of nursing studies, 49(10), 1230-1242.
9. Condly, S.J. (2006). Resilience In Children A Review Of Literature With Implications For Education, Urban Education, Vol. 41 No. 3, 211-236.
11. Connor, M. K. & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of a new Resilience Scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISK), Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76-82.
13. Gilbert, L. K., Breiding, M. J., Merrick, M. T., Thompson, W. W., Ford, D. C., Dhingra, S. S., & Parks, S. E. (2015). Childhood adversity and adult chronic disease: an update from ten states and the District of Columbia, 2010, American journal of preventive medicine, 48(3), 345-349.
15. Glock, charles and Stark Rodney (1965) Religion and society in Tension, Chicago: Rand McNally.
16. Greeff, A.&Joubert, A. (2007).Spirituality and resilience in families in which a parent has died, Psychological Reports, Vol. 100, PP. 897-90
17. Jackson D. Firtko A, Edenborough M. (2007) Personal resilience as a strategy for surviving and thriving in the face of workplace adversity: A literature review, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60(1):1–9.
19. Johnson, M. K., Rowatt, W. C., & LaBouff, J. (2010). Priming Christian religious concepts increases racial prejudice, Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(2), 119-126.
20. Joseph, J. (2013). Resilience as embedded neoliberalism: a governmentality approach, Resilience, 1(1), 38-52.
22. Kasen, S. Wickramaratne, P. Gameroff, M.J. &Weissman, M.M. (2011).Religiosity and resilience in persons at high risk for major depression, Psychol Med, 42(3), PP. 509-19.
24. Kasen, S., Wickramaratne, P., Gameroff, M. J., & Weissman, M. M. (2012). Religiosity and resilience in persons at high risk for major depression, Psychological medicine, 42(03), 509-519.
26. Kim, J. (2008). The Protective Effects of Religiosity on Maladjustment among Maltreated and Nonmaltreated Children. Child Abuse Negl. 32(7), PP711-720
27. Landor, A., Simons, L. G., Simons, R. L., Brody, G. H., & Gibbons, F. X. (2011). The role of religiosity in the relationship between parents, peers, and adolescent risky sexual behavior. Journal of youth and adolescence, 40(3), 296-309.
29. letzring TD, Block J, Funder D. (2005) Cego control and ego resiliency: Generalization of self scal base on personality description from acquainces, clinics, and the self, Journal of research in personality, 29:395-422.
31. Lozupone, C. A., Stombaugh, J. I., Gordon, J. I., Jansson, J. K., & Knight, R. (2012). Diversity, stability and resilience of the human gut microbiota. Nature, 489(7415), 220-230.
33. Olson, D. H. (2011). FACES IV and the Circumplex Model: Validation Study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 37(1), 64-80.
34. Reed, T. D., & Neville, H. A. (2014). The influence of religiosity and spirituality on psychological well-being among Black women, Journal of Black Psychology, 40(4), 384-401.
35. Riggs, S. A., & Riggs, D. S. (2011). Risk and resilience in military families experiencing deployment: The role of the family attachment network, Journal of Family Psychology, 25(5), 675.
37. Sedikides, C., & Gebauer, J. E. (2010). Religiosity as self-enhancement: A meta-analysis of the relation between socially desirable responding and religiosity, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14(1), 17-36.
39. Walsh, F. (2009). Spiritual Resourcein Family therapy, New York: Guilford Press.
40. Walsh, F. (2013). Community-based practice applications of a family resilience framework, In Handbook of family resilience (pp. 65-82), Springer New York.
42. Zaharia, M., Chowdhury, M., Das, T., Dave, A., Ma, J., McCauley, M., & Stoica, I. (2012, April). Resilient distributed datasets: A fault-tolerant abstraction for in-memory cluster computing, In Proceedings of the ninth USENIX conference on Networked Systems Design and Implementation. (pp. 2-2). USENIX Association
45. Refrences (In Persian)
46. Afshar Nia, K. Arefi, M. Golbariyan, M. (2016). Conflict Management, Marital Satisfaction and Relief Management in Workers and Unemployed Mothers, Jornal of Family Pathology, Counseling & Enrichment. 2 (2): 31- 46
48. Amini, F. (2013). Relationship between resilience and burnout of nurses, Journal of Development of research in nursing and midwifery, 11(2):94-102.
50. Amini, F (2013). Relationship between resilience and burnout of nurses, Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery, 11 (2). 94- 102.
52. Behzadpoor, S. Motahari, Z. Sohrabi, F. (2015). The Role of Religiosity and Resilience in Predicting M marital Stress in the Mothers of Children Suffering from Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Journal of Exceptional people, 18 (5):71-78.
54. Hajizadeh, M. Zare, A. Taghavi, H. (2010). A common cause in the family and the religiosity of Yazd youth, Iranian Journal of Cultural Research, 3: 23-46.
56. Hossein Qomi, T. Salimi Bijestani, H. (2011). Relationship between religious orientation and resilience among mothers with children with a disease, Journal of Religion Psychology, 4, 69-82.
58. Mirzaei, R. Karimi, Kh. Shahriari, P (2014). The Impact of Women's Employment on Men's Satisfaction with Marital Living, Journal of Health and care, 16(3).61-69
60. Sadeghi, M. Sepahvndi, M. Rezaei Far, N. (2016). The effect of family resilience education on mental health of mothers with mental retardation, Journal of Family Counseling & Psychotherapy, 6 (21). 57-78
62. Salehi, S. Hashmian, K. Mir Hashemi, M. (2016). Anticipation of family rejuvenation based on forgiveness and spirituality of married teachers, Journal of Family Pathology, Counseling & Enrichment, 2 (2): 119-103.
64. Seraj Zadeh, H. (2008). Attitudes and Religious Behaviors of Tehrani Teens and its implications for secularization, Journal of Research View, 3(9): 105-118
66. Seraj Zadeh, S. Poyafar, M. (2008). Religion and social order: Investigating the Relation Between Anonymous and Perversity Among Students, Social Issues of Iran. Journal of Faculty of Literature & Humanities, University of kharazmi. 63(16): 71-105
68. Tavasoli, A. Taheri, N. (2014). Investigating the Social Factors Affecting the Differences and Conflicts of Marital Life in Working and Housewives of Tehran, Social Issues Review of Iran, 5 (2): 365-390

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Family Pathology, Counseling and Enrichment Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb