Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2018)                   FPCEJ 2018, 3(2): 103-118 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sangani A, Ramak N, Rahmani M. Comparison of anger level, parental tension and coping strategies with the stress of the mothers of mentally retarded children with normal children's mothers. FPCEJ. 2018; 3 (2) :103-118
URL: http://fpcej.ir/article-1-165-en.html
1- Ph.D. Student of Psychology and Exceptional Children Education, Ahvaz Azad University. , sangany.psycho@gmail.com
2- Master of psychologist, BandarGaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, BandarGaz, Iran.
3- Department of psychology, Bandar Gaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Gaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (612 Views)
The birth of a child with mental disorder in the family results in problems for family members and causes mental stress in a variety of ways among them, especially the parents, therefore, the aim of present research is to compare anger level, parental tension and coping strategies with the stress of mothers who have mentally retarded children with normal children's mothers. The statistical population included the mothers of children with mental developmental disorders and normal children's mothers in Gorgan city during the July to September 2017. The method in this comparative causal study was based on the fact that the minimum number for this research method for each group was 15 persons, more than 50 mothers of children with mental retardation and 50 mothers of normal children were selected by a purposeful method from Gorgan's rehabilitation centers. Parents Stress Questionnaire (PSI-SF) and Coping Strategies against stress Questionnaire (ADR) of Indeler and Parker (CISS) and Aggression Questionnaire (AGQ) were used. The results showed that there was a significant difference between general anger (p =0.018, F=5.702), aggression (p=0.003, F=8.976), general parental stress (p=0.013, F=4.521), and Problem-oriented strategy (p=0.003, F=6.130) in two groups of mothers of mentally retarded children and normal children's mothers according to multivariate analysis of variance. The findings of this study showed that regarding the systemic view, psychological stress in the family environment could be transmitted to the other family members and abnormal behaviors such as anger and non-compatible strategies may be seen. The mothers of mentally retarded children are emotionally in high-stress conditions compared to normal children's mothers, so we could see the non-conforming behaviors reactions by them.
Full-Text [PDF 939 kb]   (94 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
ePublished: 2018/05/19

References
1. Allen, A. B., & Leary, M. R. (2010). Self‐Compassion, stress, and coping. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4(2), 107-118.‌
3. Barry, C. T., Loflin, D. C., & Doucette, H. (2015). Adolescent self-compassion: Associations with narcissism, self-esteem, aggression, and internalizing symptoms in at-risk males. Personality and Individual Differences, 77, 118-123.‌
5. Conway, C. C., Keenan-Miller, D., Hammen, C., Lind, P. A., Najman, J. M., & Brennan, P. A. (2012). Coaction of stress and serotonin transporter genotype in predicting aggression at the transition to adulthood. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41(1), 53-63.‌
7. Cuzzocrea, F., Murdaca, A. M., Costa, S., Filippello, P., & Larcan, R. (2016). Parental stress, coping strategies and social support in families of children with a disability. Child Care in Practice, 22(1), 3-19.‌
9. Dardas, L. A., & Ahmad, M. M. (2015). For fathers raising children with autism, do coping strategies mediate or moderate the relationship between parenting stress and quality of life?. Research in developmental disabilities, 36, 620-629.‌
11. Dardas, L. A. (2014). Stress, coping strategies and quality of life among Jordanian parents of children with autistic disorder. Autism, 4(127), 2.‌
13. Denson, T. F., Mehta, P. H., & Tan, D. H. (2013). Endogenous testosterone and cortisol jointly influence reactive aggression in women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(3), 416-424.‌
15. Dixon, R. W., Youssef, G. J., Hasking, P., Yücel, M., Jackson, A. C., & Dowling, N. A. (2016). The relationship between gambling attitudes, involvement, and problems in adolescence: Examining the moderating role of coping strategies and parenting styles. Addictive behaviors, 58, 42-46.‌
17. Ellis, W. E., Chung-Hall, J., & Dumas, T. M. (2013). The role of peer group aggression in predicting adolescent dating violence and relationship quality. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(4), 487-499.‌
19. Foody, C., James, J. E., & Leader, G. (2014). Parenting stress, salivary biomarkers, and ambulatory blood pressure in mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(2), 99-110.‌
21. Hedda, m. James Hallie,w. Aaron Ebate,t. (2010).Families with children who have autism sepecturmdisorder:stress and support.social scince Journal,77(1),7-12.
23. Heath, C. L., Curtis, D. F., Fan, W., & McPherson, R. (2015). The association between parenting stress, parenting self-efficacy, and the clinical significance of child ADHD symptom change following behavior therapy. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 46(1), 118-129.‌
25. Jansen, P. W., Raat, H., Mackenbach, J. P., Hofman, A., Jaddoe, V. W., Bakermans‐Kranenburg, M. J., & Tiemeier, H. (2012). Early determinants of maternal and paternal harsh discipline: The generation R study. Family relations, 61(2), 253-270.‌
27. Karaırmak, Ö. & Güloğlu, B. (2014). Forgiveness and PTSD among veterans: The mediating role of anger and negative affect. Psychiatry research, 219(3), 536-542.‌
29. Moreland, A. D., Felton, J. W., Hanson, R. F., Jackson, C., & Dumas, J. E. (2016). The relation between parenting stress, locus of control and child outcomes: predictors of change in a parenting intervention. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(6), 2046-2054.‌
31. Selda, K & Ulku, T. (2009).Impactof autistic children on the lives ofMothers.procedia social andbehavioral scinces, 1, 2374-2540.
32. Schieve L.A,Blumberg S.J, Rice C,Visser S.N, Boyle C. (2007).The relationship between autismand parenting stress.pediatric,1,114-121.
34. Taylor, C. A., Manganello, J. A., Lee, S. J., & Rice, J. C. (2010). Mothers' spanking of 3-year-old children and subsequent risk of children's aggressive behavior. Pediatrics, 125(5), e1057-e1065.‌
36. Webb, J. R., Dula, C. S., & Brewer, K. (2012). Forgiveness and aggression among college students. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 14(1), 38-58.‌
40. References in Persian
41. Arjomandnia, Ali Akbar; Afrouz, Gholamali; Nami, Mohammad Saleh (2013). Comparison of mental pressure and marital satisfaction and perceived social support of mentally retarded and normal children’s parents in Golestan province. Exceptional education. 3 (116): 5-15
43. Akbarzadeh, Nasrin (1997). The transition from adolescence to aging (Developmental Psychology). Tehran: Al-Zahra University.
44. Burimani, Sahabe; Mahmoudi, Ghahreman; Massoud Zadeh, Abbas (2014). Relationship between parental stress and parenting practices of deaf and normal children. Quarterly journal of Health breeze, 2, 3, 40-49.
46. Razavieh, Asghar; Latifian, Morteza; Arefi, Mojgan (2006). The role of the theory of mind and empathy in predicting student communicative aggression, open, and sociable behaviors. Psychological studies, 3,4, 25 - 38.
48. Zahedifar, Shahin; Najarian, Bahman; Hussein, Shokrkon (2000). Compilation and scale validation to measure aggression. Journal of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, 3, 7, 1 and 2.73-102.
50. Jafar Nezhad, Parvin; Farzad, Valiollah; Moradi, Alireza; Shokri, Omid (2005). Investigating the relationship between the five major factors of the personality of coping styles and mental health in undergraduate students. Psychology and Educational Sciences, 35, 1, 452.
52. Hossein Khani, Shahram (2006). Comparison of Coping Strategies in Exceptional and of Normal Children’s Parents. Exceptional Education Journal, 2, 62, 45-35.
54. Sharif Daramadi, Parviz; Talezari Asieh (2015). Comparison of Metacognitive Beliefs and Stress Coping Strategies in Mothers of Normal Children and Children with Mental disorders. Thesis at Islamic Azad University, Shahroud Branch, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences.
56. Delaware, Ali (2016). Research Methods in Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran: Ed.
58. Khorramabadi, Razieh; Pouratamad, Hamid Reza; Tahmasian, Karineh; Chimeh, Narges (2009). Comparison of parenting stress in mothers of children with autism disorder and normal children’s mothers. Quarterly Journal of Family Studies, 5, 19, 399 -387.
60. Tahmasebi, Siamak; Ansari, Amir (2009). Standardization of Parental Stress Index - For Children 4-6 Years Old in Tehran city, 6th Concept of Children and Adolescents Psychiatry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services.
62. Hemmati, Alamdarloo; Ghorban, Shojaee; Setareh, Dehsheeri; Gholamreza, Teymoori Asefichey; Mohammad Mahdi; Arjmandi, Mohammad Sadegh (2015). Comparison of the stress of pre-school intelligence and non-intelligence children’s mother. Quarterly Journal of Family Studies, 11, 43, 65-57.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Family Pathology, Counseling and Enrichment Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb