Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2018)                   FPCEJ 2018, 3(2): 45-60 | Back to browse issues page

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Abedini M, Vahid H, Sangani A. Comparison of gender beliefs and attitudes toward divorce between Kurdish and Persian students according gender. FPCEJ. 2018; 3 (2) :45-60
URL: http://fpcej.ir/article-1-164-en.html
1- MA Clinical Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran. , senkh.1991@gmail.com
2- Ph.D. Student of Psychology and Exceptional Children Education, Ahvaz Azad University.
Abstract:   (1481 Views)
Ethnic differences, like culture and language, responsible for shaping many of the cognitions of the environment, behaviors, and emotions in societies, so the aim of this study was to compare of gender beliefs and attitudes toward divorce between Kurdish and Fars students according Gender. The research method is comparative or post-event. The statistical population included all 20,000 Kurdish and Persian girls and boys in two Islamic Azad University of Sanandaj Branch and Sari Branch during the period from February to April 2017. And the research participant 370 (370 samples in Kurdish group and 370 samples in Persian group) were investigated using non-randomized purposeful method. In this research, three tools included; the Attitude to Divorce Scale of Kinnaird & Gerrard (1986), Family Assessment Device questionnaire of Epstein, Baldwin & Bishop (1983) and Gender Belief Scale of Bem (1974) were used for measurement of variables. One-Way Covariance Analysis (MANCOVA) was used for data analysis. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the subscales of gender beliefs and attitude toward divorce between Persian and Kurd students. And between the roles (F =5/702, P <0/018) and emotional relationship (F =8/976, P <0/003) from the family function variable, positive attitude (F =10/856, P <0/001) from the attitude to divorce variable and sexual beliefs of both sexes (F =3/902, P <0/041) of of gender beliefs variable was significantly different in two groups. However, in other subscales, there was no significant difference between the two groups according to their gender. These results will emphasize the social cultural perspective that follows its role on beliefs and relationships, so it can be concluded that ethnicity can affect many cognitive, social and functional factors with respect to gender.
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